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  2. Meta-ethics - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meta-ethics

    In metaphilosophy and ethics, meta-ethics is the study of the nature, scope, and meaning of moral judgment.It is one of the three branches of ethics generally studied by philosophers, the others being normative ethics (questions of how one ought to be and act) and applied ethics (practical questions of right behavior in given, usually contentious, situations).

  3. Existentialism - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Existentialism

    Existentialism asserts that people make decisions based on subjective meaning rather than pure rationality. The rejection of reason as the source of meaning is a common theme of existentialist thought, as is the focus on the anxiety and dread that we feel in the face of our own radical free will and our awareness of death. Kierkegaard advocated ...

  4. Consent - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Consent

    Consent as understood in specific contexts may differ from its everyday meaning. For example, a person with a mental disorder , a low mental age , or under the legal age of sexual consent may willingly engage in a sexual act that still fails to meet the legal threshold for consent as defined by applicable law.

  5. Obligation - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Obligation

    An obligation is a course of action that someone is required to take, whether legal or moral.Obligations are constraints; they limit freedom. People who are under obligations may choose to freely act under obligations.

  6. Lance Armstrong doping case - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lance_Armstrong_doping_case

    Case opinions; Decision by: United States Anti-Doping Agency: Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI); World Anti Doping Agency (WADA); The Lance Armstrong doping case was a major doping investigation that led to retired American road racing cyclist Lance Armstrong being stripped of his seven consecutive Tour de France titles, along with one Olympic medal, and his eventual admission to using ...

  7. Oxymoron - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oxymoron

    However, the explicit advertisement of the use of oxymorons opened up a sliding scale of less than obvious construction, ending in the "opinion oxymorons" such as "business ethics". J. R. R. Tolkien interpreted his own surname as derived from the Low German equivalent of dull-keen (High German toll-kühn ) which would be a literal equivalent of ...

  8. Testimony - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Testimony

    Etymology. The words "testimony" and "testify" both derive from the Latin word testis, referring to the notion of a disinterested third-party witness.. Law. In the law, testimony is a form of evidence that is obtained from a witness who makes a solemn statement or declaration of fact.

  9. Moral relativism - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moral_relativism

    Moral relativism encompasses views and arguments that people in various cultures have held over several thousand years. For example, the ancient Jaina Anekantavada principle of Mahavira (c. 599–527 BC) states that truth and reality are perceived differently from diverse points of view, and that no single point of view is the complete truth; and the Greek philosopher Protagoras (c. 481–420 ...