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HTTPS is encrypted in order to increase security of data transfer. This is particularly important when users transmit sensitive data, such as by logging into a bank account, email service, or health insurance provider. Any website, especially those that require login credentials, should use HTTPS.
e. Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure ( HTTPS) is an extension of the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP). It uses cryptography for secure communication over a computer network, and is widely used on the Internet.   In HTTPS, the communication protocol is encrypted using Transport Layer Security (TLS) or, formerly, Secure Sockets Layer (SSL). The protocol is therefore also referred to as HTTP over TLS,  or HTTP over SSL .
As a result, HTTPS is far more secure than HTTP. A website that uses HTTP has http:// in its URL, while a website that uses HTTPS has https://. What is HTTP? HTTP stands for Hypertext Transfer Protocol, and it is a protocol – or a prescribed order and syntax for presenting information – used for transferring data over a network. Most information that is sent over the Internet, including website content and API calls, uses the HTTP protocol.
Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure (HTTPS) is a protocol that secures communication and data transfer between a user's web browser and a website. HTTPS is the secure version of HTTP. The protocol protects users against eavesdroppers and man-in-the-middle ( MitM) attacks. It also protects legitimate domains from domain name system (DNS) spoofing attacks.
Now that you are serving your site on both HTTP and HTTPS, things need to work as smoothly as possible, regardless of protocol. An important factor is using relative URLs for intrasite links. Make sure intrasite URLs and external URLs are agnostic to protocol; that is, make sure you use relative paths or leave out the protocol like //example.com/something.js .
An HTTP cookie (web cookie, browser cookie) is a small piece of data that a server sends to a user's web browser. The browser may store the cookie and send it back to the same server with later requests. Typically, an HTTP cookie is used to tell if two requests come from the same browser—keeping a user logged in, for example.
HTTP defines a set of request methods to indicate the desired action to be performed for a given resource. Although they can also be nouns, these request methods are sometimes referred to as HTTP verbs.
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HTTP is the foundation of data communication for the internet. It is responsible for establishing the connection between web servers and clients (usually web browsers), and then transmitting webpages and online documents to netizens. HTTP protocol appears as a prefix next to the website URL in the web browser.
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