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  2. Early theories in child psychology - Wikipedia

    John Locke. Early theories in child psychology were advocated by three famous theorists: John Locke, Jean Jacques Rousseau and Charles Darwin. They represent three famous schools of thought, namely the influence of the child’s environment, the role of the child’s cognitive development and the relationship with evolutionary origins of behavior.

  3. Psychotherapy - Wikipedia

    Psychotherapy (also psychological therapy or talking therapy) is the use of psychological methods, particularly when based on regular personal interaction, to help a person change behavior, increase happiness, and overcome problems. Psychotherapy aims to improve an individual's well-being and mental health, to resolve or mitigate troublesome ...

  4. Mental health - Wikipedia

    Mental health, as defined by the Public Health Agency of Canada, [6] is an individual's capacity to feel, think, and act in ways to achieve a better quality of life while respecting the personal, social, and cultural boundaries. [7] Impairment of any of these are risk factors for mental disorders, or mental illness [8] which is a component of ...

  5. Behaviorism - Wikipedia

    Behaviorism is a systematic approach to understanding the behavior of humans and other animals. It assumes that behavior is either a reflex evoked by the pairing of certain antecedent stimuli in the environment, or a consequence of that individual's history, including especially reinforcement and punishment contingencies, together with the individual's current motivational state and ...

  6. Psychological trauma - Wikipedia

    Psychological trauma or mental trauma is an emotional response to a distressing event or series of events, such as accidents, rape or natural disasters.Reactions such as psychological shock and psychological denial are typical.

  7. Asperger syndrome - Wikipedia

    Asperger syndrome ( AS ), also known as Asperger's is a diagnosis which is no longer recognised, having been merged into autism spectrum disorder (ASD). [12] [13] [14] It was a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by significant difficulties in social interaction and nonverbal communication, along with restricted and repetitive patterns of ...

  8. Emotional intelligence - Wikipedia

    Emotional intelligence (EI) is most often defined as the ability to perceive, use, understand, manage, and handle emotions.People with high emotional intelligence can recognize their own emotions and those of others, use emotional information to guide thinking and behavior, discern between different feelings and label them appropriately, and adjust emotions to adapt to environments.

  9. Applied behavior analysis - Wikipedia

    Applied behavior analysis ( ABA ), also called behavioral engineering, [1] [2] is a scientific discipline that applies empirical approaches based upon the principles of respondent and operant conditioning to change behavior of social significance. [3] [4] It is the applied form of behavior analysis; the other two forms are radical behaviorism ...